Higher levels of aerobic fitness are associated with a 50% reduction in CVD risk in men.
Increasing physical activity levels to a total of at least 1,000 kilocalories per week is associated with a 20% reduction of mortality in men.
Physically inactive middle-aged women (engaging in less than 1 hour of exercise per week) doubled their risk of mortality from CVD.
Regular aerobic exercise can lower systolic BP by an average of 4 mmHg and diastolic BP by an average of 2.5 mmHg.
Weights training have been shown to result in decreases of 3.2 mm Hg and 3.5 mm Hg for systolic and diastolic blood pressures.
Statistics show those who are highly active have a 27% lower risk of stroke.
Research shows physically active men and women, 30–60 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise per day have a 30%–40% reduction in relative risk for colon cancer.
In addition, physically active women have a 20%–40% reduction in relative risk for breast cancer compared with their inactive counterparts.
Every 1% reduction in body weight lowers systolic BP by an average of 1 mmHg.
Weight reduction by as little as 4.5 kg reduces BP and/or prevents hypertension in a large proportion of overweight people.
Weight loss of 10 kg can reduce systolic BP by 6–10 mmHg.
It also appears that both acute exercise bouts and chronic exercise training programs have a positive effect on people with clinical depression. However, greatest anti-depressive effects seem to occur after 17 weeks of exercise, although observable effects begin after 4 weeks.